Background: In the recent years, with the advancement of laparoscopic surgery, management of ovarian dermoid cysts is possible with laparoscopic approach. Concerns regarding safety of the procedure has been raised.
Objective: To analyze the safety of laparoscopic surgery done for ovarian dermoid cyst at Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital.
Methods: This is a descriptive study done from July 2012 to June 2015. All the cases with the diagnosis of ovarian dermoid cyst managed laparoscopically during the study period were enrolled in the study. Thorough history, clinical examination fi nding and diagnostic modalities were noted. Three port laparoscopy was done for the management of dermoid cyst. Thorough peritoneal lavage with warm saline was done at the end of the procedure in the cases with spillage.Variables like preoperative diagnosis, postoperative diagnosis, and type of surgery performed, rate of spillage, features of chemical peritonitis if any and duration of hospital stay were noted and analyzed.
Results: Total 52 cases with the preoperative diagnosis of dermoid cyst were managed with laparoscopy during the study period. Of these, only 46 cases (88.46%) were dermoid cyst on laparoscopy. In majority of the cases (45.65%) diagnosis was incidental by Ultrasound scan done for other indications. Cystectomy was performed in 42 cases (91.30%) and in 4 cases (8.69%) oophorectomy was done. Spillage occurred in approximately 89% of the cases but there were no cases of chemical peritonitis. Duration of hospital stay ranged between 2 to 5 days.
Conclusion: Laparoscopic management of ovarian dermoid cyst is a safe procedure.
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College
Vol. 5, No. 1, Issue 15, Jan.-Mar., 2016, Page: 18-22